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BMC Fam Pract. 2018 May 10;19(1):59. doi: 10.1186/s12875-018-0748-z.

Burnout syndrome and its prevalence in primary care nursing: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Departamento de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Católica de La Santísima Concepción, Concepción, Chile.
2
Doctorado en Psicología de la Salud, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain.
3
Spanish University of Distance Education, Madrid, Spain.
4
Nursing Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. jlgurquiza@ugr.es.
5
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Cortadura del Valle Street S/N, 51001, Ceuta, Spain. jlgurquiza@ugr.es.
6
Andalusian Health Service and University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
7
Psychology Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
8
Nursing Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

burnout syndrome is a significant problem in nursing professionals. Although, the unit where nurses work may influence burnout development. Nurses that work in primary care units may be at higher risk of burnout. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment in primary care nurses.

METHODS:

We performed a meta-analysis. We searched Pubmed, CINAHL, Scopus, Scielo, Proquest, CUIDEN and LILACS databases up to September 2017 to identify cross-sectional studies assessing primary care nurses' burnout with the Maslach Burnout Inventory were included. The search was done in September 2017.

RESULTS:

After the search process, n = 8 studies were included in the meta-analysis, representing a total sample of n = 1110 primary care nurses. High emotional exhaustion prevalence was 28% (95% Confidence Interval = 22-34%), high depersonalization was 15% (95% Confidence Interval = 9-23%) and 31% (95% Confidence Interval = 6-66%) for low personal accomplishment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Problems such as emotional exhaustion and low personal accomplishment are very common among primary care nurses, while depersonalization is less prevalent. Primary care nurses are a burnout risk group.

KEYWORDS:

Burnout; Epidemiology; Family nursing; Meta-analysis; Nursing; Prevalence; Primary care nursing

PMID:
29747579
PMCID:
PMC5944132
DOI:
10.1186/s12875-018-0748-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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