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Health Promot Perspect. 2018 Apr 18;8(2):163-166. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2018.21. eCollection 2018.

Managing information gaps on caregivers of psychotic patients in primary health settings of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

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Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Muhammadiyah University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Wonosari district hospital, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Kasihan 2 Primary health center, Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.


Background: Information gaps hinder the management of psychotic patients. Incorporating mental health services into primary care might solve the problem. Health workers can be trained to provide psycho-education for caregivers of psychotic patients. Methods: This study was a two stage experimental study. In the first stage, 43 health workers were trained to provide a psycho-education for caregivers of psychotic patients. Next, 10 health workers were selected to provide the psycho-education. Participants were family caregivers of psychotic patients (n = 113) randomly assigned to control and intervention groups. Pre- and post-tests were conducted to assess the results. Statistical analyses were conducted using paired t tests and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: The intervention group scored higher for Knowledge of Psychosis at post-test. Both groups showed significant increase of knowledge (paired t tests: P<0.001; P<0.001; respectively) and the increases were not significantly different between the groups (ANCOVA: P=0.057). Conclusion: Psycho-education was applicable in primary care settings. Training primary care health workers is a feasible method to address information gaps in the management of mental health problems.


Brief psychoeducation; Family caregivers; Primary health center; Psychotic disorders

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