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Health Promot Perspect. 2018 Apr 18;8(2):139-146. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2018.18. eCollection 2018.

The association between self-care and quality of life in hypertensive patients: findings from the Azar cohort study in the North West of Iran.

Author information

1
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4
School of Public Health, Professor Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.
5
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Hypertension affects the quality of life of patients and their caregivers. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and self-care behaviors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among hypertensive people. Methods: All people aged 35 years and older with hypertension were invited to participate in this study. Information on self-care behavior for hypertension (H-scale), and health-related quality of life (WHOHRQOL-BRFF) were completed by trained interviewer. Data analysis was done using SPSS 16. Results: The median age of hypertensive patients was 62.5(25th to 75th percentile: 55 to 72 years), the correlation between quality of life and overall self-care scores was not significant(r =-0.048, P =0.520). Physical activity was the only significant predictor for quality of life,showing that the quality of life of hypertensive people increased by 3.371 units per day of being physically active in the cohort study (β =0.223, P<0.01). The only significant predictor of quality of life among the elderly was medication use (β =-0.572, P<0.001). Quality of life of participants decreased 3.456 units per day as a result of medication adherence. Conclusion: No association was observed between self-care and HRQOL total score in hypertensive patients in the study. Among the self-care domains, only medication adherence and physical activity had significant association with social health. There was a reverse association between smoking and HRQOL.

KEYWORDS:

H-scale; Health related quality of life; Hypertension; Quality of life; Self-care

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