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Health Promot Perspect. 2018 Apr 18;8(2):133-138. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2018.17. eCollection 2018.

Dietary patterns and risk of prostate cancer: a factor analysis study in a sample of Iranian men.

Author information

1
Nutritional Science Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
2
Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3
Department of Biostatistics, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
4
Department of Urology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
5
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Background: Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer with a high mortality rate. The current study was conducted to investigate the relationship between dietary patterns and prostate cancer risk among Iranian men. Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Kermanshah province in western Iran in November 2016. Fifty patients with prostate cancer were selected as cases and 150 healthy men matched for age and body mass index (BMI) were selected as controls. Dietary intake data were collected by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Food items were grouped according to the similarity of nutrient profiles. The main dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Results: After adjustment for potential confounders, a healthy dietary pattern was associated with decreased risk of prostate cancer (highest versus lowest tertile OR:0.24; 95% CI: 0.07-0.81;trend p: 0.025). An unhealthy dietary pattern was related to increased risk of prostate cancer(highest versus lowest tertile OR:3.4; 95% CI: 1.09-10.32; trend p: 0.037). Conclusion: This study shows that an unhealthy dietary pattern was associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. However, a healthy dietary pattern was associated with decreased risk of prostate cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Case–control study; Diet; Dietary patterns; Factor analysis; Prostate cancer

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