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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Sep;138(3):604-9.

Reversibility of diaphragm fatigue by mechanical hyperperfusion.

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Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106.


Diaphragm function is thought to depend on the balance between diaphragm blood flow and metabolic demand. If blood flow is inadequate, fatigue should ensue. Likewise, in the presence of fatigue, function should improve when blood flow is increased. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of increasing blood flow to the fatigued diaphragm. Studies were performed on anesthetized, mechanically ventilated dogs in which strips of costal diaphragm were developed in situ. Strip tension was measured with an isometric tension transducer. The inferior phrenic artery supplying the strip was cannulated and pump perfused at a pressure of 92 +/- 3 mm Hg; phrenic artery flow and pressure were continuously monitored with in-line doppler flow probes and pressure transducers, respectively. Fatigue was produced by electrically stimulating strips to contract 15 times/min (initial tension 80% of maximum, duty cycle 50%). Rhythmic contraction resulted in a downward shift in the diaphragm force-frequency relationship in all strips. In eight strips, stepwise increments in phrenic artery perfusion pressure to 161 +/- 8 and 281 +/- 17 mm Hg were produced by increasing pump speed at 6 and 8 min into rhythmic stimulation; in four strips, phrenic artery perfusion pressure was increased to 152 +/- 20 and 257 +/- 32 mm Hg at 20 and 25 min into rhythmic stimulation, respectively. Each increase in phrenic artery pressure resulted in increases in phrenic artery flow and diaphragm tension and produced an upshift in the diaphragm force-frequency relationship.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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