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Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2017 Apr 18;28(4):1289-1297. doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.201704.017.

[Variation characteristics of farmland soil pH in the past 30 years of Enshi Autonomous Prefecture, Hubei, China].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University/Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Arable Land Conservation in the Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtse River, Wuhan 430070, China.
2
Enshi Prefecture Soil and Fertilizer Station, Enshi 445000, Hubei, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

In order to explore temporal-spatial variability of farmland soil pH at Enshi Antonomous Prefecture, Hubei, China, soil pH during the past three decades was analyzed, using the datasets of the Second National Soil Survey (1980-1983) and the Cultivated Land Quality Evaluation (2010-2013). The natural and human factors inducing the change of soil pH were evaluated to provide theoretical guidance for further soil acidification management. Results showed that acidic soil (i.e., pH<6.5) and neutral and alkaline soil (i.e., pH 6.5-8.5) were accounted for 98.4% and 1.6% in the farmland during the period of 2010-2013, respectively. The ratio increased 61.4% for the acidic soil but decreased 61.2% for the neutral and alkaline soil as compared with the period of 1980-1983. In addition, there was no alkaline soil (pH>8.5) in the region in 2010-2013. According to the dataset of the Second National Soil Survey (1980-1983), acidic soil was mainly distributed at Laifeng, Lichuan, Xuanen and Xianfeng counties, with the area ratio of 74.4%, 63.5%, 61.3% and 60.7%, respectively. For the period of 2010-2013, the ratio of acidic soil enhanced widely which was above 96% for each county. At Enshi Autonomous Prefecture, farmland soil showed an obvious acidification trend during the past three decades, with spatial variation of higher in the eastern part and lower in the western part of the region. Furthermore, soil pH decline occurred among different land use types in different areas. Overall, farmland soil pH declined 0.90 on average, with 1.14 decrease for upland and 0.87 for paddy soil, respectively. Clearly, upland soil acidification was severe than paddy soil. Factors related to soil acidification in the Enshi Autonomous Prefecture were mainly human factors such as unreasonable fertilizer combination, fertilizer ratio change, and more base cations taking away by high crop yield.

KEYWORDS:

paddy soil; soil acidification; spatial variation; the Second National Soil Survey; upland

PMID:
29741327
DOI:
10.13287/j.1001-9332.201704.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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