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Sci Rep. 2018 May 8;8(1):7304. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25547-w.

Cardiac Sympathetic Activity differentiates Idiopathic and Symptomatic Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behaviour Disorder.

Author information

1
National Reference Network for Narcolepsy, Sleep-Wake Disorders Center, Department of Neurology, Gui-de-Chauliac Hospital, Montpellier, Cedex 5, France.
2
INSERM, University of Montpellier, Neuropsychiatry: Epidemiological and Clinical Research, Montpellier, France.
3
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, Cedex 5, France.
4
PhyMedExp, University of Montpellier, INSERM U1046, CNRS UMR 9214, Montpellier, Cedex 5, France.
5
National Reference Network for Narcolepsy, Sleep-Wake Disorders Center, Department of Neurology, Gui-de-Chauliac Hospital, Montpellier, Cedex 5, France. y-dauvilliers@chu-montpellier.fr.
6
INSERM, University of Montpellier, Neuropsychiatry: Epidemiological and Clinical Research, Montpellier, France. y-dauvilliers@chu-montpellier.fr.

Abstract

The pathophysiology of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) associated with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) is still poorly understood, potentially distinct from idiopathic RBD (iRBD), but may share affected common pathways. We investigated whether MIBG cardiac uptake differs between iRBD and NT1 comorbid with RBD. Thirty-four patients with NT1-RBD and 15 patients with iRBD underwent MIBG cardiac scintigraphy. MIBG uptake was measured by calculating the early and delayed heart to mediastinum (H/M) ratios. A delayed H/M ratio lower than 1.46 was considered abnormal based on a population of 78 subjects without neurological or cardiac diseases. Patients with iRBD were older, had an older RBD onset age and higher REM sleep phasic and tonic muscular activities than NT1-RBD. Lower delayed and early H/M ratios were associated with iRBD, but not with NT1-RBD, in crude and adjusted associations. The delayed H/M ratio differed between iRBD and controls, after adjustment, but not between patients with NT1-RBD and controls. In conclusion, the MIBG cardiac uptake difference between NT1-RBD and iRBD supports the hypothesis of different processes involved in RBD pathogenesis, providing for the first time a cardiac biomarker to differentiate those disorders.

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