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Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2018 Jul - Aug;46(4):361-369. doi: 10.1016/j.aller.2018.01.003. Epub 2018 May 5.

Resources to handle childhood asthma in Spain: The role of plans and guides and the participation of nurses.

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CS La Eliana, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:
CS Villamuriel de Cerrato, Palencia, Spain.
Unidad Neumología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.
CS La Candelaria, Sevilla, Spain.



Describe the assistance provided to asthmatic patients by Primary Care Paediatricians (PCP) in Spain and the material and human resources available for diagnosis and follow-up.


A cross-sectional descriptive study using an on-line survey, sent to PCP regarding the availability of diagnostic resources, carrying out programmed and educational activities, collaboration of nursing staff and their relationship with existing institutional plans to care for children with asthma. A latent class model (LCM) was used to describe the differences among paediatricians based on the variables studied.


Of the 708 answers, 675 were considered valid; 76% of the paediatricians had a spirometer, 75% specific IgE, 17% prick-test, 95% had placebo inhalers and 97% inhalation chambers. 57% performed programmed activities with their patients, while 56% shared their care of asthmatic patients with their nursing staff, but only 25% of the nurses were involved in the follow-up and 12% in education. LCM identified four patterns. The two groups with greater access to diagnostic resources counted on institutional plans/guidelines. However, the only variable differentiating the groups with more programmed and educational activities was the participation of nurses.


The availability of asthma plans/guidelines and resources for diagnosis and follow-up is not sufficient to improve important aspects of primary care for children with asthma. Organisational changes are necessary to include programmed asthma-related visits and paediatric teams with greater involvement of the nurses when caring for these patients.


Asthma; Disease management; Guidelines; Health plan implementation; Health resources; National Health Program; Paediatrics; Patient education; Primary health care

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