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Food Chem. 2018 Sep 30;261:194-200. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.04.048. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

The critical micelle concentration of lecithin in bulk oils and medium chain triacylglycerol is influenced by moisture content and total polar materials.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Food and Nutrition, Kangwon National University, Samcheok, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: s3hun@skku.edu.

Abstract

Effects of different moisture contents and oxidised compounds on the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of lecithin were determined in bulk oils and in medium-chain triacylglycerols (MCT). CMC of lecithin in MCT was significantly higher than that in other vegetable oils including olive, soybean, corn, and rapeseed oils (p < 0.05). Presence of moisture significantly affected the CMC of lecithin in MCT (p < 0.05). CMC of lecithin was high when the moisture content was below 900 ppm, whereas at a moisture content of 1000 ppm, CMC of lecithin decreased significantly (p < 0.05), and then started to increase. Addition of total polar materials (TPM), which are oxidation products, at 3 and 5% concentrations, decreased CMC of lecithin significantly (p < 0.05) in MCT, compared to when 0, 1, and 1.5% of TPM was added to MCT. As the degree of oxidation increased in corn oil, CMC of lecithin gradually decreased. Additionally, under different moisture contents, corn oils showed a similar pattern of CMC of lecithin in MCT, whereas oxidised corn oil had a little lower CMC of lecithin than unoxidised corn oil. The results clearly showed that the concentration of lecithin for the formation of micelles is greatly influenced by the presence of oxidation products and the moisture content in bulk oils.

KEYWORDS:

Bulk oil; Critical micelle concentration; Lecithin; Medium chain triacylglycerol; Oxidation

PMID:
29739582
DOI:
10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.04.048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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