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Cancer. 2018 Aug 1;124(15):3210-3219. doi: 10.1002/cncr.31519. Epub 2018 May 8.

Results of the AHOD0431 trial of response adapted therapy and a salvage strategy for limited stage, classical Hodgkin lymphoma: A report from the Children's Oncology Group.

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Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.
Department of Information Sciences, City of Hope, Duarte, California.
Statistics and Data Center, Children's Oncology Group, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Department of Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, Boston, Massachusetts.
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Brown University Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island.
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York.
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.



The Children's Oncology Group AHOD0431 study evaluated a response-directed treatment paradigm in which minimal initial chemotherapy and low-dose radiation was received only by patients who did not achieve a complete remission, and a chemotherapy/low-dose radiation salvage regimen was received by those who had a protocol-defined, low-risk recurrence.


Patients younger than 21 years who had stage IA or IIA nonbulky disease were eligible. The treatment strategy was evaluated by determining the proportion that received minimal chemotherapy alone, the proportion that had a first or second remission without the receipt of high-dose chemotherapy/stem cell rescue or higher dose involved-field radiation therapy (>21 grays), and overall survival.


In total, 278 patients were eligible. At 4 years, 49.0% had received minimal chemotherapy and no radiation, 88.8% were in remission without receiving high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue or >21 grays of involved-field radiation therapy, and the overall survival rate was 99.6%. Patients who had mixed cellularity histology had a 4-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of 95.2%, which was significantly better than the 75.8% EFS for those who had nodular sclerosis histology (P = .008). A red blood cell sedimentation rate ≤20 mm/hour and a negative fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography scan after 1 cycle of chemotherapy (PET1) were associated with a favorable EFS outcome. The study was closed early when the receipt of radiation therapy exceeded the predefined monitoring boundary.


This limited chemotherapy response-based approach was successful in patients who had a negative PET1 result, had MC histology, or had a low red blood cell sedimentation rate. In this treatment paradigm, evaluation of increased chemotherapy intensity or the integration of active new agents is indicated for patients who have nodular sclerosis histology with a high ESR or who have a positive PET1 result. Cancer 2018. © 2018 American Cancer Society.


mixed cellularity histology; pediatric classical Hodgkin lymphoma; positron-emission tomography (PET) response; response directed; salvage regimen

[Available on 2019-08-01]

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