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J Minim Access Surg. 2018 May 4. doi: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_14_18. [Epub ahead of print]

Is laparoscopic approach for wandering spleen in children an option?

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Bucharest, Romania.
2
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Aim:

Wandering spleen present generally as an acute abdomen after twisting of the splenic vascular pedicle. This study aimed to review the literature with regard to the management and outcomes of the laparoscopy in children with wandering spleen.

Methods:

The literature was reviewed for articles on PubMed with regard to the following search terms 'laparoscopy', 'wandering', 'spleen' and 'children'. The inclusion criteria included article only in the paediatric age group of 0-16. Articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded from the study.

Results:

The PubMed search from 1998 to 2016 identified 15 articles. There were 20 children with an age range from 2 to 16 years who underwent the laparoscopic procedure for wandering spleen. The median age was 8 years. Associated conditions were present in 45% of patients: gastric volvulus (n = 3), torsion of the distal pancreas (n = 3), splenic cyst (n = 2), mental retardation and myotonic dystrophy (n = 1). In two cases, the spleen was twisted around the pedicle and was non-viable, and therefore, a splenectomy was performed. Other 18 cases were managed by splenopexy using a 3-5-port technique. An extraperitoneal pocket was created using a balloon device in five patients. Fixation of the spleen was performed using a mesh in 10 cases and omentum in three cases. In one case, additional support was created by plicating the phrenicocolic ligament. Simultaneous gastropexy was performed in four patients. There were no post-operative complications.

Conclusions:

Wandering spleen is a rare entity and in the paediatric age group 10% cannot be salvaged for which splenectomy is the only option. Of the 90% that can be pexied, the literature has favoured the application of meshes followed by the extraperitoneal pockets and omental pouch. Laparoscopic splenopexy is feasible, with no reported conversions or complications.

KEYWORDS:

Children; laparoscopy; wandering spleen

PMID:
29737310
DOI:
10.4103/jmas.JMAS_14_18
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