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Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2018 Jan;49(1):119-123.

[Quantitative Measurements on the Blood Flow Fields of Left Atrial Appendage using Vector Flow Mapping in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology,West China Hospital,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To quantify the hemodynamic characteristics of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

METHODS:

Twenty patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and 15 patients with persistent atrial fibrillation enrolled in this study,while 12 patients with sinus rhythms served as controls. The hemodynamic characteristics of the patients in left atrial appendage were measured by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and vector flow mapping (VFM) using indicators such as vectors,vortex and energy loss (EL).

RESULTS:

① Significant differences appeared between the patients with atrial fibrillation and the controls in heart rate,size of left atrium,size of left atrial appendage (LAA),and velocities of LAA filling and emptying. ② Regular vectors in LAA in early systole and late diastole were found in the patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and the controls; whereas,irregular vectors with direction alternating were visualized in the whole cardiac cycle in the patients with persistent atrial fibrillation. ③ Small vortexes were observed at the opening of the left atrial appendage in late diastole in the patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and the controls. ④ Peak EL values occurred in early systole and late diastole in the patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and the controls. But the patients with persistent atrial fibrillation had increased EL values over the whole cardiac cycle.

CONCLUSION:

VFM can visualize and quantify the hemodynamics of LAA in patients with different heart rhythms. It may provide a new method for assessing atrial fibrillation.

KEYWORDS:

Left atrial appendage ; Nonvalvular atrial fibrillation ; Transesophageal echocardiography ; Vector flow mapping

PMID:
29737101

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