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Indian J Psychiatry. 2018 Jan-Mar;60(1):84-89. doi: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_271_14.

Resilience in Wives of persons with Alcoholism: An Indian exploration.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Context:

Mental health has currently shifted focus from "deficit" to strength-based approaches such as Resilience. Coping styles and personality factors have been well studied in Wives of persons with Alcoholism (WopA) but not Resilience. Alcohol dependence in spouse is seen as an adversity.

Aims:

To evaluate Resilience in the WopA and explore its relationship with marital quality and clinical variables of Alcohol Dependence in their husbands.

Settings and Design:

A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care hospital in Bangalore, Karnataka.

Subjects and Methods:

WopA (n=34) between 25-55 years, were assessed for Resilience using Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), while marital quality was assessed using Marital Quality Scale (MQS). The Severity of Alcohol Dependence, Age of onset of Initiation, Age of onset of Problem Drinking, and Age of onset of Dependence were evaluated in their husbands.

Statistical Analysis:

Independent sample t-test, Chi-square test, and Pearson's correlation were used.

Results:

Majority of the WopA (82%) scored low on the RSA. Low Resilience (LR) WopA scored significantly lower on all factors of RSA except the perception of future; in comparison to High Resilience (HR) WopA. Additionally, the LR WopA reported significantly poorer marital quality.

Conclusions:

Most WopA had low Resilience. LR WopA also had significantly poor marital quality. These findings need to be studied further in a larger population with culturally appropriate scales. The low scoring Resilience factors amongst WopA may be utilized in strength-based psychotherapeutic approaches. There is a need to improve the understanding of Resilience and its assessment in this population.

KEYWORDS:

Humor; Marital Quality; Rebounding; Resilience; Self-determination; Self-efficacy; Severity of Alcohol Dependence; Wives of Alcoholics

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