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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jun 12;115(24):6153-6158. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1800891115. Epub 2018 May 7.

Empirical evidence for stability of the 405-kiloyear Jupiter-Venus eccentricity cycle over hundreds of millions of years.

Author information

1
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854; dvk@rutgers.edu.
2
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964.
3
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112.
4
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854.
5
Berkeley Geochronology Center, Berkeley, CA 94709.
6
Natural History Museum of Utah, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108.
7
Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721.
8
Department of Geosciences, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080.
9
Division of Science and Resource Management, Petrified Forest National Park, Petrified Forest, AZ 86028.

Abstract

The Newark-Hartford astrochronostratigraphic polarity timescale (APTS) was developed using a theoretically constant 405-kiloyear eccentricity cycle linked to gravitational interactions with Jupiter-Venus as a tuning target and provides a major timing calibration for about 30 million years of Late Triassic and earliest Jurassic time. While the 405-ky cycle is both unimodal and the most metronomic of the major orbital cycles thought to pace Earth's climate in numerical solutions, there has been little empirical confirmation of that behavior, especially back before the limits of orbital solutions at about 50 million years before present. Moreover, the APTS is anchored only at its younger end by U-Pb zircon dates at 201.6 million years before present and could even be missing a number of 405-ky cycles. To test the validity of the dangling APTS and orbital periodicities, we recovered a diagnostic magnetic polarity sequence in the volcaniclastic-bearing Chinle Formation in a scientific drill core from Petrified Forest National Park (Arizona) that provides an unambiguous correlation to the APTS. New high precision U-Pb detrital zircon dates from the core are indistinguishable from ages predicted by the APTS back to 215 million years before present. The agreement shows that the APTS is continuous and supports a stable 405-kiloyear cycle well beyond theoretical solutions. The validated Newark-Hartford APTS can be used as a robust framework to help differentiate provinciality from global temporal patterns in the ecological rise of early dinosaurs in the Late Triassic, amongst other problems.

KEYWORDS:

Milankovitch; Triassic; astrochronology; geochronology; magnetostratigraphy

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PMID:
29735684
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1800891115
Free PMC Article

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