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Ann Allergy. 1988 Nov;61(5):341-3.

A placebo-controlled comparison between the bronchodilatory effects of ipratropium bromide inhaled as a dry powder and by metered dose inhaler in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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Asthma Clinic, Beatrixoord Hospital, Haren (Gr.), The Netherlands.


A placebo-controlled study was performed to compare the effect of the inhalation of ipratropium bromide as a powder (capsule = 40 micrograms) and by pressurized aerosol (two puffs of 20 micrograms; ie, 40 micrograms). Fifteen patients (nine males and six females) with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were studied in a double-blind crossover comparison of the two different modes of administration. The VC, FEV1 and viscous work of breathing time-response curves were almost identical, indicating bronchodilation. We conclude that in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the powder inhalation was not more effective than the pressurized aerosol. It could, however, be offered as an alternative to patients with poor hand-lung coordination. The patients tolerated the two modes of administration without difficulties: no local irritation or coughing was observed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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