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Fish Physiol Biochem. 2018 Aug;44(4):1159-1174. doi: 10.1007/s10695-018-0503-3. Epub 2018 May 5.

Lysine supplement benefits the growth performance, protein synthesis, and muscle development of Megalobrama amblycephala fed diets with fish meal replaced by rice protein concentrate.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Aquatic Nutrition and Feed Science of Jiangsu Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, No.1 Weigang Road, Nanjing, 210095, People's Republic of China.
2
Key Laboratory of Aquatic Nutrition and Feed Science of Jiangsu Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, No.1 Weigang Road, Nanjing, 210095, People's Republic of China. xfli@njau.edu.cn.

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of lysine supplement on the growth performance of blunt snout bream Megalobrama amblycephala fed diets with fish meal (FM) replaced by rice protein concentrate (RPC) with the potential mechanisms characterized. Fish were fed three diets, including the FM diet (containing FM), the RPC diet (FM replaced by RPC), and the MRPC diet (the RPC diet supplemented with lysine) for 8 weeks. Weight gain, protein efficiency ratio, and nitrogen and energy utilization of fish fed the FM diet were all significantly higher than those of the RPC treatment, but they showed no statistical difference with those of the MRPC group. Fish fed the RPC diet showed shorter villi length of the distal intestine than that of the other treatments. No significance was found in whole-body composition and intestinal and hepatic cell proliferation among all the treatments. However, fish fed the RPC diet obtained relatively low transcriptions of growth hormone (GH), GH receptor, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), target of rapamycin (TOR), ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1, myoblast determination protein, myogenic factor 5, and myostatin a (MSTNa) but high levels of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 2 (4E-BP2) than those of the other groups. Furthermore, little difference was found in the transcriptions of 4E-BP2, myogenin, muscle-specific regulatory 4, and MSTNb in muscle. Overall, these results showed that dietary supplement of lysine benefits the growth performance of blunt snout bream fed FM-free diets through the mediation of the GH-IGF-I axis, TOR signaling pathway, myogenic regulatory factors, and MSTN.

KEYWORDS:

Fish meal; Growth performance; Rice protein concentrate; Tissue histology; Transcriptional regulation

PMID:
29730709
DOI:
10.1007/s10695-018-0503-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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