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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2018 Jun 15;1087-1088:98-107. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2018.04.044. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Development and comparison of HPLC-MS/MS and UPLC-MS/MS methods for determining eight coccidiostats in beef.

Author information

1
College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; Key Laboratory for Animal Genetics, Breeding, Reproduction and Molecular Design of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture & Agri-Product Safety, Yangzhou University, China.
2
College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; Key Laboratory for Animal Genetics, Breeding, Reproduction and Molecular Design of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou 225009, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture & Agri-Product Safety, Yangzhou University, China. Electronic address: yzxkz168@163.com.

Abstract

A high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method and an ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for determining eight coccidiostat (halofuginone, lasalocid, maduramicin, monensin, narasin, nigericin, robenidine and salinomycin) residues in beef were developed and compared. Samples were extracted with a mixture of acetic acid, acetonitrile and ethyl acetate and were then purified on a C18 solid-phase extraction (SPE) column. The purified samples were analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS and UPLC-MS/MS, using 0.1% formic acid-water solution (A) and pure methanol (B) as the mobile phase. The samples were fractionated on a C18 column using different gradient elution procedures, followed by qualitative analysis using a mass spectrometer operated in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode with positive electrospray ionization; the external standard method was used for quantitation. At spiked levels that ranged from the limit of quantification (LOQ) to 100 μg/kg, the average recoveries were 71.96%-100.32% and 71.24%-89.24%, with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 2.65%-12.38% and 2.98%-14.86% for UPLC-MS/MS and HPLC-MS/MS, respectively. The limits of detection (LODs) and LOQs of the eight coccidiostats were 0.14-0.32 μg/kg and 0.43-1.21 μg/kg, respectively, for UPLC-MS/MS analysis and 0.16-0.58 μg/kg and 0.53-1.92 μg/kg, respectively, for HPLC-MS/MS analysis. Both methods had good accuracy and precision, but UPLC-MS/MS had higher sensitivity than HPLC-MS/MS.

KEYWORDS:

Beef; Coccidiostats; HPLC-MS/MS; UPLC-MS/MS

PMID:
29730532
DOI:
10.1016/j.jchromb.2018.04.044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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