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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018 Aug 30;158:309-318. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.04.039. Epub 2018 May 2.

Graphene oxide encapsulated polyvinyl alcohol/sodium alginate hydrogel microspheres for Cu (II) and U (VI) removal.

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College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China. Electronic address:
College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China.
College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China. Electronic address:


In this work, a novel sodium alginate (SA)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/graphene oxide (GO) hydrogel microspheres were prepared by a simple method. Sodium alginate was physically crosslinked by Ca2+; GO was encapsulated into the composite to strengthen the hydrogels; PVA played a significant role in well dispersing of GO in SA. The SA/PVA/GO (SPG) hydrogels were employed as an efficient adsorbent for removal of Cu (II) and U (VI) from aqueous solution. Batch experiments with the subject of the pH, initial metal ion concentration, competing ions and contact time were investigated. Structure characterization was successfully conducted by FTIR, SEM, EDX, BET and XPS. Furthermore, the sorption kinetics of Cu2+ and UO22+ followed pseudo-second order model and exhibited 3-stage intraparticle diffusion model. Equilibrium data were best described by Langmuir model and the obtained maximum adsorption capacities of SPG hydrogel microspheres for Cu2+ and UO22+ were 247.16 and 403.78 mg/g, respectively. The difference in adsorption capacity can be confirmed by the percentage of elements in EDX spectra and the intension of peak of elements in XPS spectra. The SPG sorbent exhibited excellent reusability after 5 adsorption-desorption cycles. All results suggested that the prepared adsorbents could be considered as effective and promising materials for removal of Cu (II) and U (VI) in wastewater.


Copper; Graphene oxide; Polyvinyl alcohol; Sodium alginate; Uranium

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