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Transl Oncol. 2018 Jun;11(3):815-824. doi: 10.1016/j.tranon.2018.04.005. Epub 2018 May 1.

Building CT Radiomics Based Nomogram for Preoperative Esophageal Cancer Patients Lymph Node Metastasis Prediction.

Author information

1
School of Life Science and Technology, XIDIAN University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710126, China; CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Institute of Automation, Beijing, 100190, China.
2
CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Institute of Automation, Beijing, 100190, China.
3
Department of Radiology, the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450003, China.
4
Department of Thoracic Surgery, the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450003, China.
5
CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Institute of Automation, Beijing, 100190, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100080,China.
6
CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Institute of Automation, Beijing, 100190, China; School of Mechanical, Electrical & Information Engineering, Shandong University, Weihai, Shandong Province, 264209, China.
7
Department of Radiology, the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450003, China. Electronic address: liyin825@aliyun.com.
8
Department of Radiology, the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450003, China. Electronic address: qjryq@126.com.
9
School of Life Science and Technology, XIDIAN University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710126, China; CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Institute of Automation, Beijing, 100190, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100080,China. Electronic address: tian@ieee.org.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To build and validate a radiomics-based nomogram for the prediction of pre-operation lymph node (LN) metastasis in esophageal cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of 197 esophageal cancer patients were enrolled in this study, and their LN metastases have been pathologically confirmed. The data were collected from January 2016 to May 2016; patients in the first three months were set in the training cohort, and patients in April 2016 were set in the validation cohort. About 788 radiomics features were extracted from computed tomography (CT) images of the patients. The elastic-net approach was exploited for dimension reduction and selection of the feature space. The multivariable logistic regression analysis was adopted to build the radiomics signature and another predictive nomogram model. The predictive nomogram model was composed of three factors with the radiomics signature, where CT reported the LN number and position risk level. The performance and usefulness of the built model were assessed by the calibration and decision curve analysis.

RESULTS:

Thirteen radiomics features were selected to build the radiomics signature. The radiomics signature was significantly associated with the LN metastasis (P<0.001). The area under the curve (AUC) of the radiomics signature performance in the training cohort was 0.806 (95% CI: 0.732-0.881), and in the validation cohort it was 0.771 (95% CI: 0.632-0.910). The model showed good discrimination, with a Harrell's Concordance Index of 0.768 (0.672 to 0.864, 95% CI) in the training cohort and 0.754 (0.603 to 0.895, 95% CI) in the validation cohort. Decision curve analysis showed our model will receive benefit when the threshold probability was larger than 0.15.

CONCLUSION:

The present study proposed a radiomics-based nomogram involving the radiomics signature, so the CT reported the status of the suspected LN and the dummy variable of the tumor position. It can be potentially applied in the individual preoperative prediction of the LN metastasis status in esophageal cancer patients.

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