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Nano Lett. 2018 Jun 13;18(6):3716-3722. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00861. Epub 2018 May 9.

Precise Control of Quantum Confinement in Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Quantum Dots via Thermodynamic Equilibrium.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas 77843 , United States.
2
Center for Nanomedicine , Institute for Basic Science (IBS) , Seoul 03722 , Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Cesium lead halide (CsPbX3) nanocrystals have emerged as a new family of materials that can outperform the existing semiconductor nanocrystals due to their superb optical and charge-transport properties. However, the lack of a robust method for producing quantum dots with controlled size and high ensemble uniformity has been one of the major obstacles in exploring the useful properties of excitons in zero-dimensional nanostructures of CsPbX3. Here, we report a new synthesis approach that enables the precise control of the size based on the equilibrium rather than kinetics, producing CsPbX3 quantum dots nearly free of heterogeneous broadening in their exciton luminescence. The high level of size control and ensemble uniformity achieved here will open the door to harnessing the benefits of excitons in CsPbX3 quantum dots for photonic and energy-harvesting applications.

KEYWORDS:

Perovskite; ensemble uniformity; quantum dot; thermodynamic size control

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