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J Clin Pharmacol. 2018 Jul;58(7):843-848. doi: 10.1002/jcph.1117. Epub 2018 May 3.

Core Entrustable Professional Activities in Clinical Pharmacology for Entering Residency: Value of Interprofessional Health-Care Teams in Medication Prescribing and Medication Error Prevention.

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University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA.
The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, The UPMC Hillman Cancer Centers, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Our Lady of Mercy Cancer Center, New York Medical College, Bronx, NY, USA.


In recent years, health care has been increasingly delivered by interprofessional teams in the inpatient, outpatient, and transition-of-care arenas. For many reasons, effective communication between patient-centered care teams and patients is critically important in order to optimize care, ensure patient safety, and prevent medical and medication misadventures. In rapid-paced, high-stress medical environments, it is especially important to carefully evaluate the causes of all misadventures in a manner that avoids assigning blame and identifies the root causes and, through team activity, leads to development of remedies that reduce the likelihood of future misadventures. Using a series of illustrative cases, this paper seeks to bring attention to these issues and provide insights regarding some tools developed to assist in improving patient safety and effective team communication.


Interprofessional team; TeamSTEPPS; clinical pharmacology; communication; entrustable professional activities (EPAs); ethnicity; graduate medical education; interprofessional education and practice; opiates; patient handoff; patient safety; race; team-oriented; teamwork

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