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Onco Targets Ther. 2018 Apr 20;11:2279-2286. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S155214. eCollection 2018.

Oncogene mutational analysis in Chinese gastrointestinal stromal tumor patients.

Author information

1
School of Laboratory Medicine and Biotechnology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Tumor, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Background:

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors and exhibit a high frequency of oncogenic KIT or PDGFRA mutations. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been mainly used in the treatment of GISTs bearing KIT/PDGFRA mutations. However, other mutation profiles have been found to affect the sensitivity to and effectiveness of TKIs in the treatment of GISTs.

Purpose:

The aim of the present study was to describe the mutational status of multiple genes in GIST samples and to provide information for finding potential predictive markers of therapeutic targets in Chinese GIST patients.

Patients and methods:

MassARRAY spectrometry was used to test 40 Chinese GIST patients for 238 mutations affecting 19 oncogenes.

Results:

A total of 14 oncogenes with 43 mutations were detected in 38 samples, with a mutation frequency of 95%. Among these mutation samples, 26 GISTs were found for KIT or PDGFRA mutations, while 12 were KIT/PDGFRA wild-type. Approximately half of the GIST samples harbored multiple mutations. The most frequent mutations were found in KIT (62.5%), CDK4 (17.5%), NRAS (15%) and EGFR (12.5%). Other mutations included PIK3CA and AKT1 (10%), BRAF and ABL1 (7.5%), PDGFRA, ERBB2 and HRAS (5%), and AKT2, FLT3 and KRAS (2.5%). New mutated genes (CDK4, AKT2, FLT3, ERBB2, ABL1 and AKT1), a higher BRAF mutation frequency (7.5%) and new BRAF mutation sites (G464E) were found in Chinese GIST patients.

Conclusion:

This study demonstrated useful mutations in a small fraction of Chinese GIST, but targeted therapeutics on these potential predictive markers need to be investigated in depth especially in Oriental populations.

KEYWORDS:

gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST); mutation; oncogene; tyrosine kinase receptor

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