Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Physiol Rev. 2018 Jul 1;98(3):1205-1240. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00046.2017.

Myoediting: Toward Prevention of Muscular Dystrophy by Therapeutic Genome Editing.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Senator Paul D. Wellstone Muscular Dystrophy Cooperative Research Center and Hamon Center for Regenerative Science and Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center , Dallas, Texas.

Abstract

Muscular dystrophies represent a large group of genetic disorders that significantly impair quality of life and often progress to premature death. There is no effective treatment for these debilitating diseases. Most therapies, developed to date, focus on alleviating the symptoms or targeting the secondary effects, while the underlying gene mutation is still present in the human genome. The discovery and application of programmable nucleases for site-specific DNA double-stranded breaks provides a powerful tool for precise genome engineering. In particular, the CRISPR/Cas system has revolutionized the genome editing field and is providing a new path for disease treatment by targeting the disease-causing genetic mutations. In this review, we provide a historical overview of genome-editing technologies, summarize the most recent advances, and discuss potential strategies and challenges for permanently correcting genetic mutations that cause muscular dystrophies.

PMID:
29717930
DOI:
10.1152/physrev.00046.2017

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center