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J Dent Educ. 2018 May;82(5):469-474. doi: 10.21815/JDE.018.052.

Effect on Dental Hygiene Students of a Substance Use Simulation Conducted with Nursing Students.

Author information

1
Ann M. Mitchell is Professor, Health and Community Systems, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing; Angelina Riccelli is Associate Professor and Director of Dental Hygiene, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine; Lynn Boucek is CRNP, UPMC Southside Walk-In Primary Care Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA; Kathryn R. Puskar is Professor and Associate Dean for Undergraduate Education, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing; Holly Hagle is Director of National SBIRT ATTC, Institute for Research, Education, and Training in Addictions, Pittsburgh, PA; and Dawn Lindsay is Director of Research and Evaluation Services, Institute for Research, Education, and Training in Addictions, Pittsburgh, PA. ammi@pitt.edu.
2
Ann M. Mitchell is Professor, Health and Community Systems, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing; Angelina Riccelli is Associate Professor and Director of Dental Hygiene, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine; Lynn Boucek is CRNP, UPMC Southside Walk-In Primary Care Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA; Kathryn R. Puskar is Professor and Associate Dean for Undergraduate Education, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing; Holly Hagle is Director of National SBIRT ATTC, Institute for Research, Education, and Training in Addictions, Pittsburgh, PA; and Dawn Lindsay is Director of Research and Evaluation Services, Institute for Research, Education, and Training in Addictions, Pittsburgh, PA.

Abstract

Dental professionals have an opportunity to screen for substance use, provide targeted feedback based on patients' oral health, provide patient education, and refer for further assessment as needed. The aim of this study was to assess the impact on dental hygiene students of an interprofessional Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) educational intervention with standardized patients as a tool for initiating discussions on alcohol and drug use with patients. Starting in 2015, dental hygiene students in two classes at the University of Pittsburgh participated with nursing students in one and a half hours of didactic instruction followed within a ten-week period by SBIRT simulation scenarios utilizing standardized patients, with subsequent debriefing of students by faculty. Students' attitudes were assessed before and after the didactic session and immediately after the SBIRT simulation, using the Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perceptions Questionnaire and the Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire. All 67 dental hygiene students in the program at the time participated in the educational intervention and surveys. The results showed significant positive changes in role security, defined as the acceptance of SBIRT delivery as part of their role identity as dental hygienists, following the intervention. This study found that the IPE intervention with dental hygiene and nursing students improved the dental hygiene students' attitudes through using SBIRT.

KEYWORDS:

alcohol and other drug use; allied dental education; brief intervention; dental hygiene; dental hygiene education; interprofessional education; nursing education; standardized patients; substance abuse; substance use

PMID:
29717070
DOI:
10.21815/JDE.018.052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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