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Mol Nutr Food Res. 2018 Apr 30:e1800066. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201800066. [Epub ahead of print]

Resveratrol Prevents the Development of Hypertension Programmed by Maternal Plus Post-Weaning High-Fructose Consumption through Modulation of Oxidative Stress, Nutrient-Sensing Signals, and Gut Microbiota.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, 833, Taiwan.
2
Institute for Translational Research in Biomedicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, 833, Taiwan.
3
Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, 833, Taiwan.

Abstract

SCOPE:

High-fructose (HF) intake, oxidative stress, nutrient-sensing signals, and gut microbiota dysbiosis are closely related to the development of hypertension. It was investigated whether resveratrol can prevent hypertension induced by maternal plus post-weaning HF diets in adult offspring via the above-mentioned mechanisms.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Female Sprague-Dawley rats received either a normal (ND) or 60% high-fructose (HF) diet during gestation and lactation. Male offspring were assigned to five groups (maternal diet/post-weaning diet; n = 8 per group): ND/ND, ND/HF, HF/ND, HF/HF, and HF/HF+ Resveratrol. Resveratrol (50 mg L-1 ) was administered in drinking water from weaning to 3 months of age. It was found that HF/HF induced hypertension in adult offspring. Maternal HF diet altered gut microbiota composition in adult offspring, including decreasing the abundance of genera Bacteroides, Dysgonomonas, and Turicibacter, while increasing phylum Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia muciniphila. Additionally, HF/HF diets increased oxidative stress and decreased renal mRNA expression of Prkaa2, Prkag2, Ppara, Pparb, Ppargc1a, and Sirt4. Resveratrol reduced renal oxidative stress, activated nutrient-sensing signals, modulated gut microbiota, and prevented associated HF/HF-induced programmed hypertension.

CONCLUSION:

Targeting oxidative stress, nutrient-sensing signals, and gut microbiota by resveratrol might be a useful therapeutic strategy for the treatment of hypertension induced by excessive consumption of fructose in the adult rat offspring.

KEYWORDS:

fructose; gut microbiota; hypertension; nutrient-sensing signal; oxidative stress

PMID:
29710384
DOI:
10.1002/mnfr.201800066

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