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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 Jul 1;188:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.03.018. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Gentrification and binge drinking in California neighborhoods: It matters how long you've lived there.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, UCSF School of Medicine, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0984, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0984, United States. Electronic address: jacob.izenberg@ucsf.edu.
2
Division of Epidemiology, UC Berkeley School of Public Health, 50 University Hall #7360, Berkeley, CA, 94720-7360, United States. Electronic address: mmujahid@berkeley.edu.
3
Public Health, School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Arts, University of California, Merced, 5200 North Lake Road, Merced, CA, 95343, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neighborhood context plays a role in binge drinking, a behavior with major health and economic costs. Gentrification, the influx of capital and residents of higher socioeconomic status into historically-disinvested neighborhoods, is a growing trend with the potential to place urban communities under social and financial pressure. Hypothesizing that these pressures and other community changes resulting from gentrification could be tied to excessive alcohol consumption, we examined the relationship between gentrification and binge drinking in California neighborhoods.

METHODS:

California census tracts were categorized as non-gentrifiable, stable (gentrifiable), or gentrifying from 2006 to 2015. Outcomes and covariates were obtained from the California Health Interview Survey using combined 2013-2015 data (n = 60,196). Survey-weighted logistic regression tested for associations between gentrification and any binge drinking in the prior 12 months. Additional models tested interactions between gentrification and other variables of interest, including housing tenure, federal poverty level, race/ethnicity, sex, and duration of neighborhood residence.

RESULTS:

A third of respondents reported past-year binge drinking. Controlling for demographic covariates, gentrification was not associated with binge drinking in the population overall (AOR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.95-1.34), but was associated with binge drinking among those living in the neighborhood <5 years (AOR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.15-1.93). No association was seen among those living in their neighborhood ≥5 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

For those newer to their neighborhood, gentrification is associated with binge drinking. Further understanding the relationship between gentrification and high-risk alcohol use is important for policy and public health interventions mitigating the impact of this process.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Binge drinking; California Health Interview Survey; Gentrification; Neighborhood; Residential mobility; Urban built environment

PMID:
29709759
PMCID:
PMC5999569
[Available on 2019-07-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.03.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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