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J Phys Ther Sci. 2018 Apr;30(4):584-585. doi: 10.1589/jpts.30.584. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Comparison of the effects of pectoralis muscles stretching exercise and scapular retraction strengthening exercise on forward shoulder.

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Department of Physical Therapy, College of Healthcare Medical Science and Engineering, Inje University: 607 Obangdong, Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do 621-749, Republic of Korea.


[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare effect in a group of stretching and a group of muscle strengthening exercise for patients with forward scapular posture. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed in 20 subjects who defined to the forward shoulder posture. The subjects were divided into a group of pectoralis muscles stretching and a group of muscle strength exercise for scapular retraction. [Results] The forward shoulder posture of the group of the scapular retraction exercise was significantly decreased when compared to that of the group of the pectoralis muscles stretching. [Conclusion] It is expected that therapeutic effect can be improved and the period can be shortened when strength exercise for forward shoulder posture is applied as a therapeutic intervention.


Forward scapular posture; Pectoralis muscles; Strength exercise

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