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J Environ Manage. 2018 Jul 15;218:348-354. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.04.070. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

A network-based frequency analysis of Inclusive Wealth to track sustainable development in world countries.

Author information

1
Complex and Sustainable Urban Networks (CSUN) Laboratory, 2095 Engineering Research Facility, 842 W. Taylor Street (M/C 246), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607-7023, USA. Electronic address: sahmad38@uic.edu.
2
Complex and Sustainable Urban Networks (CSUN) Laboratory, 2095 Engineering Research Facility, 842 W. Taylor Street (M/C 246), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607-7023, USA. Electronic address: derrible@uic.edu.
3
Departments of Urban and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan. Electronic address: managi.s@gmail.com.

Abstract

Using human (HC), natural (NC), and produced (PC) capital from Inclusive Wealth as representatives of the triple bottom line of sustainability and utilizing elements of network science, we introduce a Network-based Frequency Analysis (NFA) method to track sustainable development in world countries from 1990 to 2014. The method compares every country with every other and links them when values are close. The country with the most links becomes the main trend, and the performance of every other country is assessed based on its 'orbital' distance from the main trend. Orbital speeds are then calculated to evaluate country-specific dynamic trends. Overall, we find an optimistic trend for HC only, indicating positive impacts of global initiatives aiming towards socio-economic development in developing countries like the Millennium Development Goals and 'Agenda 21'. However, we also find that the relative performance of most countries has not changed significantly in this period, regardless of their gradual development. Specifically, we measure a decrease in produced and natural capital for most countries, despite an increase in GDP, suggesting unsustainable development. Furthermore, we develop a technique to cluster countries and project the results to 2050, and we find a significant decrease in NC for nearly all countries, suggesting an alarming depletion of natural resources worldwide.

KEYWORDS:

Inclusive wealth; Network science; Sustainable development

PMID:
29702341
DOI:
10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.04.070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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