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J Sports Sci. 2018 Nov;36(22):2575-2582. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1469848. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Comparison of vibration rolling, nonvibration rolling, and static stretching as a warm-up exercise on flexibility, joint proprioception, muscle strength, and balance in young adults.

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a Center for General Education , National Sun Yat-sen University , Kaohsiung , Taiwan.
b Department of Sports Medicine , Kaohsiung Medical University , Kaohsiung , Taiwan.
c Department of Sports Medicine , China Medical University , Taichung , Taiwan.


Warm-up is an essential component for optimizing performance before an exercise session. This study investigated that the immediate effects of vibration rolling (VR), nonvibration rolling (NVR), and static stretching as a part of a warm-up regimen on the flexibility, knee joint proprioception, muscle strength, and dynamic balance of the lower extremity in young adults. Compared with the preintervention, VR induced the range of motion of knee flexion and extension significantly increased by 2.5% and 6%, respectively, and isokinetic peak torque and dynamic balance for muscle strength and dynamic balance increased by 33%-35% and 1.5%, respectively. In the three conditions, most outcomes between VR and NVR were comparable; however, the participants had a significantly higher knee joint reposition error after NVR than after VR, indicating that NVR would have a hampering knee joint proprioception effect. In particular, compared with static stretching, VR significantly increased the quadriceps muscle strength by 2-fold and dynamic balance by 1.8-fold. These findings suggest that athletic professionals may take VR into account for designing more efficient and effective preperformance routine to improve exercise performances. VR has high potential to translate into an on-field practical application.


Vibration; exercise; foam rolling; performance; self-myofascial release

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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