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Anal Chem. 2018 May 15;90(10):6206-6213. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00734. Epub 2018 May 2.

Melanosome-Targeting Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probe with Large Stokes Shift for in Situ Quantification of Tyrosinase Activity and Assessing Drug Effects on Differently Invasive Melanoma Cells.

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Key Laboratory of Theoretical and Computational Photochemistry, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry , Beijing Normal University , Beijing 100875 , China.


Tyrosinase (TYR) plays a vital role in melanin biosynthesis and is widely regarded as a relatively specific marker for melanocytic lesions which involve vitiligo, malignant cutaneous melanoma, Parkinson's disease (PD), etc. However, the detection of TYR in living cells with fluorescent probes is usually interfered by diverse endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). Herein, we synthesized a melanosome-targeting near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe (HB-NP) with a large Stokes shift (195 nm), achieving a highly sensitive and selective in situ detection for intracellular TYR, by incorporating a m-hydroxybenzyl moiety that recognizes TYR specifically and the morpholine unit which facilitates the probe accumulating in the melanosome into a salicyladazine skeleton. When treated with TYR, the probe itself with weak fluorescence is lit up via an inhibited photoinduced electron-transfer (PET) effect and HB-NP shows a strong fluorescence signal (nearly 48-fold enhancement) with a low detection limit of 0.5 U mL-1. HB-NP has been successfully applied in visualizing and in situ quantification of the intracellular TYR activity. Moreover, owing to the different expression levels of TYR, two human uveal melanoma cells with different invasive behaviors are distinguished by means of bioimaging and the effects of the inhibitor, kojic acid, and the up-regulating treatment, psoralen/ultraviolet A, on TYR activity of the two melanoma cells are evaluated. HB-NP is expected to be a useful tool to monitor diseases associated with the abnormal level of melanin and screen medicines for TYR disorder more effectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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