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Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2016 Nov 18;27(11):3623-3630. doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.201611.004.

[Effects of different amendments on contents of phenolic acids and specific microbes in rhizosphere of Pseudostellaria heterophylla.]

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]
Wu LK1,2, Wu HM1,2, Zhu Q1,2, Chen J1,2, Wang JY1,2, Wu YH1,2, Lin S1,2, Lin WX1,2.

Author information

1
College of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Crop Ecology and Molecular Physiology of Fujian Universities, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Pseudostellaria heterophylla is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. The tuberous roots of P. heterophylla are highly valued in traditional Chinese medicine and have a high market demand. However, extended monoculture of P. heterophylla results in a significant decline in the biomass and quality, and escalates disease and pest problems. Therefore, it is important to understand the underlying mechanism and biocontrol methods for consecutive monoculture problems. With "Zheshen 2" as an experimental material, the changes in the contents of main nutrients in soil, phenolic acids and specific microbes under monoculture and different amendments were analyzed by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and qPCR. The results showed that consecutive monoculture of P. heterophylla led to a decrease in yield by 43.5% while the microbial fertilizer treatment and the paddy-upland rotation could relieve the consecutive monoculture problems. Available nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium and total potassium were significantly higher in the consecutively monocultured soils than in the newly planted soils. But consecutive monoculture resulted in soil acidification. HPLC analysis showed that conse-cutive monoculture of this plant did not lead to a consistent accumulation of soil phenolic acids. At middle stage of root expansion and at harvest stage, most of phenolic acids were even higher in the newly planted soils than in the consecutively monocultured soils. Furthermore, qPCR analysis showed that the amounts of three specific pathogens identified previously (i.e. Fusarium oxysporum, Talaromyces helicus, Kosakonia sacchari) were significantly higher in the consecutively monocultured soils than in the newly planted soils. However, the microbial fertilizer treatment and the paddy-upland rotation resulted in a significant decline in the population of these specific pathogens and improved the soil environment. In conclusion, the consecutive monoculture problems of P. heterophylla may be due to the rapid proliferation of host-specific pathogens, rather than the deficiency of soil nutrients and the autotoxicity of allelochemicals in root exudates. The results in this study could provide the theoretical basis to explore the underlying mechanism of replanting disease of P. heterophylla and its biocontrol strategies.

KEYWORDS:

amendment method; consecutive monoculture problem; medicinal plant; soil microbe; soil nutrient

PMID:
29696861
DOI:
10.13287/j.1001-9332.201611.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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