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Oncology. 2018;95(1):20-30. doi: 10.1159/000488201. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Prognostic Impact of DNA Repair Protein Expression in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers Treated with Platinum-Based Chemotherapy and Subsequent Curative Lung Resection.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Multimodal treatments that include preoperative platinum-based chemotherapy are fundamental to the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of DNA repair protein expression in surgically resected NSCLCs in terms of prognosis and responses to platinum-containing chemotherapy.

METHODS:

This retrospective study included 136 patients with NSCLC who were treated with preoperative platinum-based chemotherapy, followed by curative lung resection. ATM, RAD51, LKB1, H2AX, and SIRT1 expression levels were analyzed in resected tumor specimens via immunostaining and were used to classify patients and compare survival and responses to chemotherapy.

RESULTS:

SIRT1 expression correlated significantly with improved responses to platinum-based chemotherapy (odds ratio, 2.28; p = 0.024), progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74; p = 0.036), overall survival (HR, 0.63; p = 0.006), and tumor-bearing survival (HR, 0.62; p = 0.014). After adjusting for clinical variables, the HR of SIRT1 expression remained significant for overall survival (HR, 0.59; p = 0.039) but not for progression-free survival (HR, 0.74; p = 0.183). No prognostic stratification was observed for the other 4 markers.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with SIRT1-expressing NSCLC had superior responses to chemotherapy and longer survival durations than those with SIRT1-negative cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Biomarker; Non-small cell lung cancer; Platinum chemotherapy; Prognostic factor

PMID:
29694959
DOI:
10.1159/000488201
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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