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Cien Saude Colet. 2018 Apr;23(4):1159-1167. doi: 10.1590/1413-81232018234.16012016.

Food and nutrition insecurity indicators associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children: a systematic review.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

Author information

1
Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brasil, herciliopaulino@gmail.com.
2
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Macaé, RJ, Brasil.
3
Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.

Abstract

This study aimed to review food and nutrition insecurity indicators associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children below 5 years. We searched in electronic databases (SciELO, Lilacs, and Medline) and selected studies by titles, abstracts and full-text reading. Of the 1,023 studies analyzed, 11 fit the inclusion criteria. The results of the studies evidenced that iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children was associated with sociodemographic and health indicators (male, age below 24 months, children of adolescent mothers, respiratory infections, diarrhea, low maternal schooling, parents' working conditions, nursery time, lack of basic sanitation, maternal anemia, lack of ferrous sulfate use by the mother and/or child and late onset of prenatal care), nutritional indicators (low birth weight, diet characteristics, such as the habit of milk consumption close to meals, low exclusive and full breastfeeding time) and economic indicators (low per capita income). The food and nutrition insecurity analyzed in this study from the perspective of different indicators is associated with iron deficiency anemia in children under 5 years in Brazil.

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