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Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2018 Apr 8;47(4):284-290. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5807.2018.04.011.

[LincRNA-ROR functions as a ceRNA to regulate Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog expression by sponging miR-145 and its effect on biologic characteristics of colonic cancer stem cells].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Nanyang City Center Hospital, Henan Province, Nanyang 473009, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To investigate the impact of lincRNA-ROR, a ceRNA by binding miR-145 on the expression of the downstream genes Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog, and related biological characteristics of colon cancer stem cells, and to elucidate the clinical significance of this molecular regulatory network. Methods: Fifty-two cases of colorectal cancer tissue and adjacent tissue were collected at Nanyang City Central Hospital and Nanyang Second Hospital, Henan Province, from 2014 to 2016. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of lincRNA-ROR and miR-145 in colorectal cancer tissue and isolated colon cancer cells. The correlation between the expression of lincRNA-ROR, miR-145 and the clinicopathologic features of colon cancer was performed. CD44(-)CD133(-) and CD44(+) CD133(+) cells were isolated from SW1116 by using flow cytometry. The expression of CD44, CD133, Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, lincRNA-ROR and miR-145 in cells were detected by qPCR. The relationship between lincRNA-ROR, miR-145, Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog was analyzed by bioinformatics, dual luciferase reporter assay, qPCR and Western blot. The effects of silencing lincRNA-ROR on the proliferation and chemosensitivity of colon cancer stem cells were detected by MTT, colony formation. Results: LincRNA-ROR was frequently up-regulated and inversely correlated with miR-145 down-regulation in the colon cancer specimens(P<0.05). LincRNA-ROR was related to tumor size, lymph node involvement and distant metastasis(P<0.05), and miR-145 was found related to tumor size and tumor location(P<0.05). CD44(+) CD133(+) cells were successfully isolated from SW1116 by flow cytometry. The levels of CD44, CD133, Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, lincRNA-ROR in CD44(+) CD133(+) cells were significantly increased, while miR-145 was decreased compared with CD44(-)CD133(-)cells(P<0.05). The levels of CD44, CD133, lnc-ROR in CD44(+) CD133(+) cells were significantly reduced upon cell adherence, while miR-145 was significantly increased(P<0.05). Bioinformatics analysis revealed that lincRNA-ROR shared miRNA response elements with core transcription factors Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog. MiR-145 significantly inhibited the expression of lincRNA-ROR, Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog. Silencing lincRNA-ROR significantly inhibited colon cancer stem cells proliferation and increased the sensitivity to chemotherapy. Conclusions: Linc-ROR functions as a key ceRNA to prevent core TFs, e. g., Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, from miR-145-mediated suppression in colon cancer stem cells and regulates cell proliferation and chemosensitivity.The data may provide insights into the pathophysiological interactions of the components of genetic networks in the development of colon cancer and may lead to new therapies in the future.

KEYWORDS:

Cell line, tumor; Colorectal neoplasms; MicroRNAs; Neoplastic stem cells

PMID:
29690669
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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