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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1988 Jul;44(1):65-73.

Pharmacokinetics and absorption of foscarnet after intravenous and oral administration to patients with human immunodeficiency virus.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Astra Alab AB, Södertälje, Sweden.


Six patients with human immunodeficiency virus were given foscarnet in oral solution, 4000 mg every 6 hours for 3 days, followed by a washout period for 2 days and continuous intravenous infusion of 16,000 mg/24 hr over 72 hours. After oral foscarnet, plasma concentrations were less than 33 mumol/L in four patients; two had occasional concentrations of 35 to 50 mumol/L. The extent of absorption varied between 12% and 22%. During intravenous infusion, plasma concentrations ranged between 75 and 265 mumol/L. The disposition of foscarnet was triphasic, with mean half-lives of 0.45, 3.3, and 18 hours. Excretion data suggested elimination was by tubular secretion and glomerular filtration. Renal clearance was 176 ml/min 1.73 m2. The apparent nonrenal clearance, 40 ml/min 1.73 m2, probably reflects sequestration of foscarnet into bone. Ten percent to 28% of the cumulative dose may have been deposited in bone 2 days after infusion. A slight increase in serum calcium levels and changes in serum phosphate values may reflect the uptake of foscarnet in bone. Five patients had diarrhea (oral) and two had thrombophlebitis (intravenous).

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