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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 May 16;10(19):16852-16860. doi: 10.1021/acsami.8b01292. Epub 2018 May 1.

Rubidium as an Alternative Cation for Efficient Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes.

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Advanced Display Research Center (ADRC), Department of Information Display , Kyung Hee University , Dongdaemoon-ku , Seoul 130-701 , Korea.


Incorporation of rubidium (Rb) into mixed lead halide perovskites has recently achieved record power conversion efficiency and excellent stability in perovskite solar cells. Inspired by these tremendous advances in photovoltaics, this study demonstrates the impact of Rb incorporation into MAPbBr3-based light emitters. Rb partially substitutes MA (methyl ammonium), resulting in a mixed cation perovskite with the formula MA(1- x)Rb xPbBr3. Pure MAPbBr3 crystallizes into a polycrystalline layer with highly defective sub-micrometer grains. However, the addition of a small amount of Rb forms MA(1- x)Rb xPbBr3 nanocrystals (10 nm) embedded in an amorphous matrix of MA/Rb Br. These nanocrystals grow into defect-free sub-micrometer-sized crystallites with further addition of Rb, resulting in a 3-fold increase in exciton lifetime when the molar ratio of MABr/RbBr is 1:1. A thin film fabricated with a 1:1 molar ratio of MABr/RbBr showed the best electroluminescent properties with a current efficiency (CE) of 9.45 cd/A and a luminance of 7694 cd/m2. These values of CE and luminance are, respectively, 19 and 10 times larger than those achieved by pure MAPbBr3 devices (0.5 cd/A and 790 cd/m2). We believe this work provides important information on the future compositional optimization of Rb+-based mixed cation perovskites for obtaining high-performance light-emitting diodes.


light-emitting diode; mixed halide cations; nanocrystals; perovskite; polycrystalline


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