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Sci Rep. 2018 Apr 23;8(1):6391. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-24889-9.

Origin of macroscopic adhesion in organic light-emitting diodes analyzed at different length scales.

Author information

1
School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Suwon, 16419, Republic of Korea.
2
Samsung Display Co., Ltd, Asan, 31454, Republic of Korea.
3
School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Suwon, 16419, Republic of Korea. yunseokkim@skku.edu.

Abstract

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been widely studied because of their various advantages. OLEDs are multi-layered structures consisting of organic and inorganic materials arranged in a heterojunction; the nature of adhesion at their heterogeneous interfaces has a significant effect on their properties. In this study, the origin of macroscopic adhesion was explored in OLEDs using a combination of microscopy techniques applied at different length scales. The different techniques allowed the identification of layers exposed by a peel test, which aided direct characterization of their macroscopic adhesion. Further, the contribution of each exposed layer to macroscopic adhesion could be determined through an analysis of photographic images. Finally, analysis of the local roughness and adhesion confirmed that the interface between an anode and emission layer could play a predominant role in determining the nature of macroscopic adhesion in OLEDs. These results may provide guidelines for exploring the origin of macroscopic adhesion properties through a combination of various microscopy techniques.

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