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J Immunol. 2018 Jun 1;200(11):3801-3813. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1701203. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Synthesis of Human Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Contributes to Angiopoietin-Mediated In Vitro Proinflammatory and Proangiogenic Activities.

Author information

1
Research Center, Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Quebec H1T 1C8, Canada.
2
Département de Pharmacologie et Physiologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1J4, Canada; and.
3
Département de Médecine, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1J4, Canada.
4
Research Center, Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Quebec H1T 1C8, Canada; martin.sirois@icm-mhi.org.

Abstract

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are composed of nuclear DNA in a web-like structure extruded from neutrophils in response to either bacterial infection or inflammation. We previously reported the expression of angiopoietin Tie2 receptor on human neutrophils and the capacity of both angiopoietins (Ang1 and Ang2) to induce proinflammatory activities, such as synthesis and release of platelet-activating factor, upregulation of β2 integrin complex (CD11/CD18), and neutrophil chemotaxis. In contrast, only Ang1 but not Ang2 is capable of promoting translational and transcriptional activities in neutrophils. In this article, we addressed whether Ang1 and/or Ang2 could modulate the release of NETs and if they contribute to angiopoietin-mediated proinflammatory activities. We observed that Ang1 and Ang2, alone or combined (10 nM, 3 h), increase NET synthesis and release by ≈2.5-fold as compared with PBS-treated neutrophils. The release of NETs is Tie2 dependent and requires downstream intracellular participation of PI3K, p38, and p42/44 MAPK pathways; reactive oxygen species production; intracellular calcium store depletion; and protein arginine deiminase 4 activation. These isolated NETs induced neutrophil and endothelial cell activation, leading to neutrophil adhesion onto human extracellular matrix and HUVEC and in vitro formation of capillary-like tubes by endothelial cells. Our study reports the capacity of Ang1 and Ang2 to promote the release of NETs and that these NETs contribute to angiopoietin-mediated in vitro proinflammatory and proangiogenic activities.

PMID:
29686052
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1701203
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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