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Eur J Radiol. 2018 May;102:125-128. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.03.012. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Is the cervical vertebral maturation (CVM) method effective enough to replace the hand-wrist maturation (HWM) method in determining skeletal maturation?-A systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Orthodontics, Medical University of Gdansk, al. Zwycięstwa 42c, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: agnieszkaszemraj@gumed.edu.pl.
2
Department of Orthodontics, Medical University of Gdansk, al. Zwycięstwa 42c, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: aslom@gumed.edu.pl.
3
Department of Orthodontics, Medical University of Gdansk, al. Zwycięstwa 42c, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: bracka@gumed.edu.pl.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Chronological age provides only general information on the development of a child/adolescent. However, the biological age of the patient is more significant. One of the methods is the determination of the bone age based on the development of the hand and wrist bones. In 1972 a method for assessing cervical vertebral maturation on the cephalometric radiographs was introduced (CVM method). As a result, additional patient radiation was eliminated. Currently, this type of radiograph is routinely applied in orthodontic treatment.

AIM:

The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of the CVM method and to verify the assumption, according to which the CVM method modified by Baccetti et al. may replace the method for the assessment of skeletal maturation based on a hand-wrist X-ray, which is known as the hand-wrist maturation (HWM) method.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The present study reviewed the literature between 2006 and 2016. In the first stage of selection 905 articles were obtained. Finally, 10 articles were enrolled for the review.

RESULTS:

All of the studies presented a high level of correlation between the examined methods. In eight articles the researchers admitted that the CVM classification could replace the HWM method, known as the "gold standard". In two studies, the researchers suggested considering the CVM method an additional method despite its compatibility and usefulness. The lowest correlation coefficient was 0.616 and the highest 0.937.

DISCUSSION:

The assessment of the skeletal age with the CVM is done on a cephalometric radiograph, routinely used in orthodontic practice, which makes it easy to apply. The determination of features of only C2, C3 and C4 vertebrae is possible even if the patient wears an X-ray protective thyroid collar. Therefore, the radiation dose is minimized.

CONCLUSIONS:

The CVM method shows a high level of correlation with the HWM method.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent development/physiology; Age determination by skeleton/methods; Cervical vertebrae/diagnostic imaging; Cervical vertebrae/growth & development; Hand/diagnostic imaging; Wrist/diagnostic imaging

PMID:
29685525
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.03.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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