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Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Aug;106(2):568-574. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.03.041. Epub 2018 Apr 21.

Repair of Ductus or Hemi-Truncus to One Lung and Major Aortopulmonary Collaterals to the Other Lung.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, Stanford, California. Electronic address: mainwaring@stanford.edu.
2
Division of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, Stanford, California.
3
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, Stanford, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are patients born with pulmonary atresia and a ductus arteriosus or hemi-truncus to one lung and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) to the contralateral lung. The purpose of this study was to review our surgical results for this relatively rare subset of patients.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective review of 35 patients with ductus/hemi-truncus in association with pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and MAPCAs. Our surgical algorithm is bifurcated into two strategies: (1) patients with "favorable" MAPCAs are candidates for single stage complete repair, and (2) patients with "unfavorable" MAPCAs undergo a staged approach. The median age at surgery was 3 months (range, 1 to 7 months), and the mean number of MAPCAs was 3.1 ± 1.3.

RESULTS:

Twenty patients underwent a single stage complete repair. All 20 of these patients are alive with a right ventricle to aortic pressure ratio of 0.34 ± 0.07. The distribution of pulmonary blood flow by lung perfusion scan was 44% to the right and 56% to the left lung. Fifteen patients underwent a staged approach, including unifocalization of the MAPCAs to a central shunt. There were 2 interim deaths. Twelve patients have undergone complete repair with a right ventricle to aortic pressure ratio of 0.38 ± 0.07. There was 1 late death after complete repair. The distribution of pulmonary blood flow was 39% to the right and 61% to the left lung.

CONCLUSIONS:

The data demonstrate that 32 of 35 patients with ductus/hemi-truncus and MAPCAs ultimately achieved complete repair with relatively low pulmonary artery pressures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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