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Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2018 Jun;28(3):139-146. doi: 10.1097/SLE.0000000000000530.

Pancreaticojejunostomy Versus Pancreaticogastrostomy After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: An Up-to-date Meta-analysis of RCTs Applying the ISGPS (2016) Criteria.

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Departments of General Surgery.
Personnel Office, Dongyang People's Hospital, Dongyang, Zhejiang, China.


The goal of our study was to compare the impact of pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) versus pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) on the incidence of complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy. A systematic search was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. A meta-analysis showed that PG was not superior to PJ in terms of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). In multicenter randomized controlled trials, the incidence of POPF was lower in patients undergoing PG than in those undergoing PJ. However, PG was associated with an increased risk of postoperative intraluminal hemorrhage, but no significant difference was observed between 2-layer PG and PJ. No significant differences were found in the rate of overall delayed gastric emptying, biliary fistula, reoperation, mortality, and morbidity. PG and PJ have similar incidences of POPF, but PG could be slightly superior to PJ in multicenter trials. However, this analysis verifies that PG has a higher rate of postpancreatectomy hemorrhage. Of note, a 2-layer anastomosis could reduce the occurrence of postpancreatectomy hemorrhage.

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