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Mol Genet Metab. 2018 Jun;124(2):101-108. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2018.03.012. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Multiplex tandem mass spectrometry assay for newborn screening of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, biotinidase deficiency, and galactosemia with flexibility to assay other enzyme assays and biomarkers.

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Departments of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
Departments of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
Departments of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; Departments of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address:


All States screen for biotinidase deficiency and galactosemia, and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) has recently been added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP).We sought to consolidate these tests by combining them into a single multiplex tandem mass spectrometry assay as well as to improve the current protocol for newborn screening of galactosemia.A 3 mm punch of a dried blood spot (DBS) was extracted with organic solvent for analysis of the C26:0-lysophosphatidylcholine biomarker for X-ALD.An additional punch was used to assay galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) and biotinidase.All assays were combined for a single injection for analysis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) (2.3 min per sample).The GALT LC-MS/MS assay does not give a false positive for galactosemia if glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase is deficient.The multiplex assay shows acceptable reproducibility and provides for rapid analysis of X-ALD, biotinidase deficiency, and galactosemia.The throughput and ease of sample preparation are acceptable for newborn screening laboratories.We also show that the LC-MS/MS assay is expandable to include several other diseases including Pompe and Hurler diseases (enzymatic activities and biomarkers).Because of consolidation of assays, less manpower is needed compared to running individual assays on separate platforms.The flexibility of the LC-MS/MS platform allows each newborn screening laboratory to analyze the set of diseases offered in their panel.


Enzyme deficiency; Inborn errors of metabolism; Lysosomal storage disease

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