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JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 Sep;11(9):1274-1284. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2018.03.006. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

The Prognostic Value of Late Gadolinium-Enhanced Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Nonischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy: A Review and Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Northwest Clinics, Alkmaar, the Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: m.becker@vumc.nl.
2
Department of Cardiology, Northwest Clinics, Alkmaar, the Netherlands.
3
Department of Cardiology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
4
Department of Cardiology, Northwest Clinics, Alkmaar, the Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This review and meta-analysis reviews the prognostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).

BACKGROUND:

Late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) CMR is a noninvasive method to determine the underlying cause of DCM and previous studies reported the prognostic value of the presence of LGE to identify patients at risk of major adverse cardiovascular events.

METHODS:

PubMed was searched for studies describing the prognostic implication of LGE in patients with DCM for the specified endpoints cardiovascular mortality, major ventricular arrhythmic events including appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy, rehospitalization for heart failure, and left ventricular reverse remodeling.

RESULTS:

Data from 34 studies were included, with a total of 4,554 patients. Contrast enhancement was present in 44.8% of DCM patients. Patients with LGE had increased cardiovascular mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 3.40; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.04 to 5.67), ventricular arrhythmic events (OR: 4.52; 95% CI: 3.41 to 5.99), and rehospitalization for heart failure (OR: 2.66; 95% CI: 1.67 to 4.24) compared with those without LGE. Moreover, the absence of LGE predicted left ventricular reverse remodeling (OR: 0.15; 95% CI: 0.06 to 0.36).

CONCLUSIONS:

The presence of LGE on CMR substantially worsens prognosis for adverse cardiovascular events in DCM patients, and the absence indicates left ventricular reverse remodeling.

KEYWORDS:

cardiac magnetic resonance imaging; late gadolinium enhancement; nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy; prognosis

PMID:
29680351
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcmg.2018.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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