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Am J Prev Med. 2018 May;54(5S2):S117-S123. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.01.026.

Using Population Dose to Evaluate Community-level Health Initiatives.

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Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, Colorado. Electronic address:
Center for Community Health and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington.
Nutrition Policy Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California.
Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California.
Private Consultant, Woodland Park, Colorado.
Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, Colorado.


Successful community-level health initiatives require implementing an effective portfolio of strategies and understanding their impact on population health. These factors are complicated by the heterogeneity of overlapping multicomponent strategies and availability of population-level data that align with the initiatives. To address these complexities, the population dose methodology was developed for planning and evaluating multicomponent community initiatives. Building on the population dose methodology previously developed, this paper operationalizes dose estimates of one initiative targeting youth physical activity as part of the Kaiser Permanente Community Health Initiative, a multicomponent community-level obesity prevention initiative. The technical details needed to operationalize the population dose method are explained, and the use of population dose as an interim proxy for population-level survey data is introduced. The alignment of the estimated impact from strategy-level data analysis using the dose methodology and the data from the population-level survey suggest that dose is useful for conducting real-time evaluation of multiple heterogeneous strategies, and as a viable proxy for existing population-level surveys when robust strategy-level evaluation data are collected.


This article is part of a supplement entitled Building Thriving Communities Through Comprehensive Community Health Initiatives, which is sponsored by Kaiser Permanente, Community Health.

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