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Environ Pollut. 2018 Aug;239:438-447. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.04.036. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Wood and bark of Pinus halepensis as archives of heavy metal pollution in the Mediterranean Region.

Author information

1
Department of the Environment, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), ES-28040, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: rmartin@inia.es.
2
Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias, ICA- CSIC. Serrano, 114bis, 28006, Madrid, Spain.
3
Department of the Environment, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), ES-28040, Madrid, Spain.
4
Forest Research Institute, Hellenic Agricultural Organization, 57006, Vasilika, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Abstract

Natural levels of heavy metals (HM) have increased during the industrial era to the point of posing a serious threat to the environment. The use of tree species to record contamination is a well-known practice. The objective of the study was to compare HM levels under different pollution conditions: a) soil pollution due to mining waste; b) atmospheric pollution due to coal-fired power plant emissions. We report significant HM enrichment in Pinus halepensis tissues. Near a burning power plant, Pb content in a tree wood was 2.5-fold higher that in natural areas (no pollution; NP). In mining areas, Cd content was 25-fold higher than NP. The hypothesis that HM contents in tree rings should register pollution is debatable. HM uptake by pines from soil, detoxification mechanisms and resuspended local soil dust is involved in HM contents in wood and bark.

KEYWORDS:

Bioindicator; Coal-fired power plant; Heavy metal-enriched; Pinus halepensis; Soil mining pollution; Tree rings

PMID:
29679941
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2018.04.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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