Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Proteomics. 2018 Jun 15;181:190-200. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2018.04.018. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

A tandem mass tag (TMT) proteomic analysis during the early phase of experimental pancreatitis reveals new insights in the disease pathogenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca 37007, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL), Salamanca 37007, Spain.
2
Translational Biomarker Group, Department of Human Protein Sciences, University Medical Center, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
3
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca 37007, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL), Salamanca 37007, Spain.
4
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca 37007, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL), Salamanca 37007, Spain. Electronic address: sanyaj@usal.es.

Abstract

Changes in the protein expression occurring within the initiation phase of acute pancreatitis (AP) might be vital in the development of this complex disease. However, the exact mechanisms involved in the onset of AP remains elusive and most of our knowledge about the pathobiology of AP comes from animal models. We performed in a rat pancreatitic model a high-throughput shotgun proteomic profiling of the soluble and whole membrane fractions from the pancreas during the early phase of cerulein (Cer)-induced AP. We identified 997 proteins, of which 353 were significantly different (22, 276 or 55 in both, the soluble or the membrane fractions, respectively). Gene Ontology and KEGG PATHWAY analyses revealed that these proteins were implicated in molecular mechanisms relevant to AP pathogenesis, including vesicle-mediated and protein transport, lysosomal and mitochondrial impairment or proteolysis. Numerous metabolic processes were downregulated apparently to reduce energy consumption, and a remarkable increase in inflammatory and stress responses was also highlighted. The proteomic data were verified by immunoblotting of 11 and 7 different soluble or membrane-associated proteins, either novel (VPS29 and MCTS1) or known factors in AP. Also, our first observation of the imbalance of some COP proteins during AP early phase deserves further characterization.

BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

AP is one of the most important pathological inflammatory states of the exocrine pancreas but its pathophysiology remains incompletely understood, especially the early acinar events. Proteomic analysis of pancreatic subcellular fractions simplifies protein maps and helps in the identification of new protein alterations and biomarkers characterizing pancreatic tissue damage. Our shotgun approach has not been previously used to profile the early proteomic alterations of the disease, which are considered crucial for its development and for the founding of clinical procedures. Furthermore, our subcellular fractionation protocol allowed us to detect changes in membrane proteins so far overlooked in the proteomic study of AP. Accordingly, using TMT proteomics and bioinformatic tools, we were able to detect significant changes in protein expression related to many pathobiological pathways of acute pancreatitis as from the early phase of the disease. To our knowledge, some of these changes, such as the imbalance of some COP proteins, have never been described in this disease.

KEYWORDS:

Acute pancreatitis; Cerulein; Proteomics; Shotgun proteomics; Tandem mass tags (TMT)

PMID:
29678717
DOI:
10.1016/j.jprot.2018.04.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center