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J Theor Biol. 2018 Jul 14;449:73-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.04.021. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Using high resolution X-ray computed tomography to create an image based model of a lymph node.

Author information

1
Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield Campus, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK. Electronic address: laura.cooper@soton.ac.uk.
2
Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield Campus, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK.

Abstract

Lymph nodes are an important part of the immune system. They filter the lymphatic fluid as it is transported from the tissues before being returned to the blood stream. The fluid flow through the nodes influences the behaviour of the immune cells that gather within the nodes and the structure of the node itself. Measuring the fluid flow in lymph nodes experimentally is challenging due to their small size and fragility. In this paper, we present high resolution X-ray computed tomography images of a murine lymph node. The impact of the resulting visualized structures on fluid transport are investigated using an image based model. The high contrast between different structures within the lymph node provided by phase contrast X-ray computed tomography reconstruction results in images that, when related to the permeability of the lymph node tissue, suggest an increased fluid velocity through the interstitial channels in the lymph node tissue. Fluid taking a direct path from the afferent to the efferent lymphatic vessel, through the centre of the node, moved faster than the fluid that flowed around the periphery of the lymph node. This is a possible mechanism for particles being moved into the cortex.

KEYWORDS:

Image based modelling; Lymphatic system; Porous media

PMID:
29678689
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.04.021

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