Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Jun;85(11):4079-81.

3-Hydroxyanthranilate oxygenase activity is increased in the brains of Huntington disease victims.

Author information

Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21228.


An excess of the tryptophan metabolite quinolinic acid in the brain has been hypothetically related to the pathogenesis of Huntington disease. Quinolinate's immediate biosynthetic enzyme, 3-hydroxyanthranilate oxygenase (EC, has now been detected in human brain tissue. The activity of 3-hydroxyanthranilate oxygenase is increased in Huntington disease brains as compared to control brains. The increment is particularly pronounced in the striatum, which is known to exhibit the most prominent nerve-cell loss in Huntington disease. Thus, the Huntington disease brain has a disproportionately high capability to produce the endogenous "excitotoxin" quinolinic acid. This finding may be of relevance for clinical, neuropathologic, and biochemical features associated with Huntington disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center