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Nutr Res. 2018 Mar;51:12-20. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2017.12.007. Epub 2017 Dec 24.

The protective effect of muesli consumption on diabetes risk: Results from 12 years of follow-up in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.

Author information

1
Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia.
2
School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia.
3
Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia.
4
Centre for Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia.
5
Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia. Electronic address: lesley.wicks@newcastle.edu.au.

Abstract

Diabetes affects 9.8% of Australian women. Breakfast cereal consumption is potentially protective against diabetes. This study investigated the effects of breakfast cereal consumption on the 12-year risk of developing diabetes among mid-aged participants of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH). It was hypothesized that any breakfast cereal and higher-fiber breakfast cereals would be protective against the risk of developing diabetes. Data from Survey 3 (S3) to Survey 7 (S7) inclusive, from the 1946-51 ALSWH cohort were analyzed. Dietary data were obtained at S3 and the outcome was incident diabetes between S4-S7. Women were excluded if: they reported existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance at S3; dietary data were incomplete; or daily energy intake was <4,500 or >20,000 kJ. Logistic regression with discrete time survival analyses investigated the association between breakfast cereal intake and incident diabetes. Models were adjusted for income, BMI, smoking, physical activity, education, and dietary intakes and included a measure of time. There were 637 incident cases of diabetes. Breakfast cereal intake per se was not associated with incident diabetes (OR: 1.00; P = .98). Muesli consumption on its own (OR: 0.74; P = .00) or as a part of oats-based cereal (OR: 0.84; P = .047) was significantly associated with a decrease in the odds of developing diabetes. No other breakfast cereals were significantly associated with diabetes risk. Among mid-aged Australian women, muesli consumption was associated with a reduction in diabetes risk. This effect may be due to a particular profile of muesli eaters, but the relationship warrants further investigation.

KEYWORDS:

Breakfast; Diabetes Mellitus; Edible Grain; Longitudinal Studies; Risk

PMID:
29673540
DOI:
10.1016/j.nutres.2017.12.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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