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PLoS One. 2018 Apr 19;13(4):e0196115. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196115. eCollection 2018.

Value of perioperative genitourinary screening culture and colonization status in predicting early urinary tract infection after renal transplantation.

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Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.



We aimed to assess whether patients colonized with certain organisms in the genitourinary tract would have greater urinary tract infection (UTI) risk during the post-transplantation period, and whether information on the perioperatively colonized organisms may help identify the causal organisms during early UTI.


We retrospectively reviewed the culture results of preoperative urine, preoperative urethral swab, and postoperative urinary catheter tip specimens of 420 renal transplant recipients. The colonization status was compared to the culture results during the first UTI episode within 6 months after transplantation.


Twenty six (6.2%) patients developed early UTI, and the presence of common uropathogens in the perioperative genitourinary specimen was positively associated with a higher early UTI risk odds ratio [OR], 3.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.44 to 7.24; P = 0.003). However, the actual causal organism during UTI was observed perioperatively only in 15 patients (40.5%). Neither perioperative colonization nor early UTI was associated with subsequent acute cellular rejection or graft failure.


Renal transplantation patients who were colonized with common uropathogens were more likely to develop early UTI. However, the usefulness of the culture results of perioperative colonizers in predicting the causal organism during early UTI seems limited due to the low concordance rate.

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